Municipal Waste Incineration Systems

Incineration Systems

Municipal waste incineration system is designed with the consideration of several types of municipal wastes; including paper/cardboard (packing material), plastic (foil, bottles, and dishes), metal cans, food-waste, cloth, garbage etc.

Incineration system provides an effective means of reducing the volume of MSW as well as providing an important source of energy. Produced steam can be used purpose of heating or power generation.

Working Principle

Waste is turned into ash and combustible gases at 1000ºC in primary chamber and primary chamber is designed as a rotary kiln for the systems with the capacities higher than 300kg/h.

It is stated in the EU Waste Directive 2000/76/EC that “If hazardous wastes with a content of more than 1 % of halogenated organic substances, expressed as chlorine, are incinerated, the temperature has to be raised to 1100 °C for at least two seconds”. Şantes Incinerators are designed in such a manner that gases originated during the incineration of wastes in the main combustion chamber are re-burnt with excess air at 1200 °C during 2 seconds in the post combustion chamber.

In order to be fully in compliance with the desired Emission Standards, Şantes Incineration Systems includes flue gas treatment units. Flue Gas Treatment in these systems is multi pollutant control approach to remove the hazardous content of combustion gas originated due waste incineration.

Why to Choose Incineration Instead of Landfilling

  • Dangerous gases emitted from landfill sites that cause local air pollution and contribute to global warming. However, Şantes Incineration Systems includes Flue Gas Treatment and Emissions are in compliance with EU Waste Directive 2000/76/EC , US EPA or local desired standard.
  • The most important problem faced with In the Landfill sites is pollution of the local streams via toxic materials seeping through the ground from the landfill. On the other hand, any end product of the Şantes Incineration System does not lead such a problem.
  • The gases emitted from the site as a result of waste decomposition (break down) will cause the odor problem in the local area. Since there exist flue gas treatment units in the Incineration System, odor does not pose a danger in these systems.
  • It should be noted that municipal wastes can be used as a source of energy for production of electricity, steam, hot water or hot oil. When these wastes are landfilled, the opportunity of getting energy from waste is discarded. Incineration is a good way to turn the wastes into energy.
  • However, ashes as result of combustion is a very small amount that contain less than 3%* unburned matter ensuring completely safe deposit

* This value changes based on the inorganic content of the waste.